Cases OBGYNs Deal With
An OBGYN is a doctor whose area of expertise is the female reproductive system. Obstetrics is the branch of OBGYN that is needed during pregnancy. Gynecology comes into the picture when there is no pregnancy to be concerned about. This doctor thus attends to women in both scenarios. If you wish to become an OBGYN, you first have to get your medical degree, then proceed for further studies to specialize in the field. A gynecologist also needs to get trained in being obstetric, but the obstetric does not necessarily have to receive gynecology training. After being certified, most OBGYNs go for general practice, with a few specializing in specific fields.
These specializing areas they go into are fellowships, which shall have clinical, operational and research training baked into them. The length of the training depends on the chosen field. Some fellowships are maternal-fetal medicine, gynecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning and menopausal gynecology, to name a few.
An OBGYN is thus capable of many different types of procedures in both pregnant and non-pregnant cases. One of their most common procedure is the ultrasound. This service is called upon in different stages of the pregnancy. It always reveals more details about the status of the mother and the developing fetus. The first ultrasound, for example, will reveal the duration of the pregnancy, and the expected end of the gestation period date. This procedure is usually done at the OBGYN’s office, where they use their ultrasound sonographer. As the pregnancy nears its conclusion, a contraction stress test procedure may be administered. The point of this test is to induce contractions that shall reveal the reactions of the fetus, inconsistencies, and the expected childbirth conditions.
You will discover more of the gynecological procedures these doctors are capable of performing. They for instance perform dilation and curettage. Dilation is necessary to enlarge the entrance of the patient’s uterus, while curettage is done to scrape the lining of the uterus for tissue samples. This is what they resort to when they need to know more about the presence of abnormal uterine bleeding to treat it. The collected samples shall be observed under a microscope to check for abnormal cells.
There is also hysterectomy, which is a popular gynecological procedure. In this procedure, a part of, or the entire uterus shall be removed. They do this for a woman who has reached childbearing age. Such a resolution is reached in cases of chronic pelvic pain, cancer, or abnormal uterine bleeding.
The OBGYN are highly skilled, trained, and come with enough experience to handle any reproductive system issue a woman might have, whether pregnant or not.